The International Labour Organisation was founded in 1919 and is situated in Geneva. The organisation is an independent union organ bound to the UN. The purpose of the organisation is to enhance human work rights and social justice and also to counteract child labor and human trafficking. ILO was one of the sub organs to the League of Nations until they decided to abolish the union in 1946. When UN was founded instead it was only natural that ILO was under their protection. The general of ILO is Guy Ryder and he has had the post since 2012. In accordance to the 100 anniversary of the organisation he added a commission with the purpose of starting a strategy to improve and develop ILO. The commission was led by Stefan Löfvén, the Swedish prime minister, and the president of South Africa, Cyril Ramaphosa. In 2019 the commission’s work was reported in February 2019.
The conventions of ILO are to be seen as law binding as they are ratified by the member states. The conventions adjust the conditions of the workers and regulates between worker and employer. Since ILO was founded the organisation has adopted more than 200 conventions. They work on both conventions and recommendations. The conventions are legally binding as opposed to the recommendations. As well the recommendations as the conventions are adopted during the yearly international meeting. At this meeting all member countries are represented, both union leaders and employer organisations. When a convention is adopted it is up to each country´s parliament to decide if the convention is to be ratified. If it is the member country is obliged to customize laws and regulations to the convention.
Thought to convention
The board of ILO has eight main conventions. These regulates the most basic things when it comes to work rights and principals of working life. There has been a powerful struggle to make all member countries adopt and ratify them. If all member countries were to do this, it would increase the chance of getting a system for international standards. Outside these eight main conventions there are four others that are prioritized. These treat different types of control organs and inspections and gives examples on how the member countries can make good political work. The process of conventions is depending on three parts.
The international work office, the board and the International labour agency. It is the International Labour conference that make and adopts new conventions. It is held in Geneva once a year. Propositions for conventions normally takes years to prepare. Experts, employers, employees and the conference work on the proposals from different angles to see whether a convention is possible to implement in legislations. Between the yearly conferences the board leads the work on conventions. The proposal is remitted to the member countries before it is put to decision and be voted on. A proposal needs two thirds of the votes to be accepted. When a country votes for a convention doesn´t mean that they will ratify it. After a decision of the ILO it is up to the member country to ratify in its own parliament. If it is, it will be implemented within twelve months. It is up to the member country to make sure that the convention is followed. After some time, the convention can be outdated. It can be replaced, partially or completely, by a new convention or be revised. It can also increase with a complementary protocol. Today there are about 70 current conventions.